It was the French Army’s primary field gun during WW1. An experienced crew could fire up to one shell every two seconds with a maximum range of 9,000 meters. When the gun fired, the fluid was forced down through the port into the second cylinder, compressing the gas until the recoil energy was expended, at which point the gas pushed against the floating piston and forced the fluid back into the first cylinder. The French 75: The 75mm M1897 field gun that revolutionized modern artillery Osprey Publishing Osprey New Vanguard 288 ISBN: 9781472839305 2020 Вдогонку к 75mm Mle1897 (подборка документов) att. The weapon was used for decades (including in American tanks) which was a testament to its inherently excellent design. In between the wars the US army kept the mle 1897 as their main field gun and these came in a number of variants, the initial versions made in France, versions built under licence in the US, and later versions with slightly different carriages. In the Pacific, the Marine Corps used the 75s to better effect during various campaigns. As the war progressed, the Germans came to have a healthy respect for the 75. Beneath the gun’s barrel lay a cradle that held two hydraulic cylinders. The four guns fired 80 more rounds into the fleeing Germans, completing the rout. In 1892, General Charles Mathieu, the French artillery director, came into possession of a secret German report concerning a revolutionary new cannon that utilized a new “long-recoil” principle. It was designed as an anti-personel weapon, meant to fire large volumes of shrapnel shells at the advancing enemy. Nearby sat the means of their undoing—a battery of four cannons, each a Model 1897 French “75 gun” positioned a mile away but with a clear line of sight. One American battalion used its guns individually, taking advantage of the 75’s high firing rate to dupe the Germans into thinking an entire battery was in action. The Canadian If the gun was heavy enough to soak up the recoil forces, it was no longer transportable by a reasonably sized horse team. The 75mm M1897 earned its reputation in the Great War, forming the backbone of French field artillery. At its introduction, the 75 represented a huge leap ahead in artillery technology, heralding in a new era of fast-firing, deadly cannons. Manufacture of the French 75 by American industry began in the spring of 1918 and quickly built up to an accelerated pace. The US Army adopted the 75mm in 1918. If the German troops could surprise their enemies and gain a foothold, they could break the wretched stalemate that paralyzed the Western Front during World War I. The firing capability proved both useful and deadly on the Western Front during World War I, where the Allies’ enemies had to fight their way through thick, hellish barrages of 75mm fire. French 75mm mle/1897 The French 75mm mle/1897 has a Nordenfelt Eccentric Screw Breech making it capable of firing up to 24 rounds per minute. The system worked so smoothly that the gun essentially stayed in place after firing without jumping, eliminating the need to re-aim it before firing again. as anti-tank guns in 1944. The design was hurried into service in the days just before Pearl Harbor, with a number being shipped to the Philippines. It also had an innovative recoil system that made for a smoother operation. By the war’s end, American 75s had fired more than six million rounds in all, mostly in conventional barrages to support attacks or defend against enemy assaults. By 1945, the weapon had been eclipsed by new designs, but the 75 remains perhaps the quintessential Allied artillery piece of World War I. The seat was only really useful if the gun’s recoil was sufficiently managed by the new recoil system to keep the gun from jumping when fired. To book an appointment call 204-765-3000 ext 4563. There is a US manufactured limber for this same gun. Summoning the director of the government arsenal at Bourges, Mathieu asked if such a design could be made to work. It was capable of a high rate of fire and had a gun shield. The French used the gun until 1940. A port connected the two cylinders and a floating piston kept the gas and liquid apart. It was simple and reliable. An offensive weapon, the 75 was ill-suited for trench warfare. The stalemate continued. (Read more about the artillery and weapons that shaped the 20th century inside the pages of Military Heritage magazine. The director returned to his arsenal to discuss the design with other engineers and officers; they returned after three days of study, saying the weapon’s design was simply not feasible. Various regulations were put into place to assure the secrecy of the 75’s internal mechanism. It now sprang into action. The floating piston was of particular interest to those wanting to copy the gun’s design because of the way it was sealed to prevent the fluid and gas from mixing. After World War II, the French 75 was quickly retired from most European armies, although some soldiered on in the Third World. RCHA Kitshop: 204-765-3000 ext 3533. A crash program to develop a stopgap antitank gun mated the 75 to a M-3 halftrack chassis until dedicated tank destroyers were fielded. French 75 mm Field Gun Facts The field gun was devised by Colonel Albert Deport of the French army It was distinguished from other cannons of its time by recoil system The barrel and breech recoiled on rollers while the gun carriage itself remained in place instead of The 75-mm gun carriages manufactured in this country are designated M1897M1. The French 75 set the pattern for almost all early-20th century field pieces, with guns of mostly 75 mm forming the basis of many field artillery units into the early stages of World War II." French 75, field gun of 75-mm (2.95-inch) bore devised in 1894 by Colonel Albert Deport of the French army. 1 Motorized Artillery Reg., 1 Armoured Div. The French 75mm was a It was then carefully hidden from German view. This is the first English-language history of the legendary French 75mm field gun, which revolutionized artillery firepower and helped save France in 1914. antonkachinskiy PDF .JPG отсюда Development began under the strictest secrecy. The French 75mm quick firing field gun was a game changing weapon. Weight of Projectile: 7.25 kilograms (16 pounds), Detachment: Gun, towing During World War II, 75s once again fired shots in anger. Otherwise, the gunner would be thrown off when the gun jumped. It changed the world more than any other single event in history. 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